Scientific Name: Chalybeothemis fluviatilis
Common Name: Green-eyed Percher
One of the more uncommon dragonflies that can be found among the weedy edges of MacRitchie reservoir, this loving small dragonfly is very attractive and inconspicuous.
The male is dark-blue in colour, with unmarked body and thin abdomen. It has a pair of striking green eyes. Female is similar, with a more brownish patch at the dorsum of the thorax and brownish tint at the wing base.
Scientific Name: Indothemis limbata
Common Name: Restless Demon
This species has been listed in the Singapore Red Data Book as critically endangered species. It is classified in Mr. Tang’s book as a Rare species which occurs in open marshes with emergent plants. So far, I have seen this species only at MacRitchie reservoirs.
Generally, the male of this species is quite dark. The thorax is dark-blue whilst the abdomen is lighter blue. The extremities of the wing tips are tinted with dark-brown, and there is a dark patch at the base of the hindwings, a smaller one at the base of the forewings.
The males are very active in the early morning and midday, chasing away rivals whilst establish their territories. Female is paler, and so far, has not been observed in Singapore.
Scientific Name: Trithemis festiva
Common Name: Indigo Dropwing
Trithemis festiva is a very attractive dragonfly which inhabits fast flowing streams through open grasslands.
Male has dark blue synthorax and bluish abdomen with orange streaks. There is a brownish patch at the hindwing base. Superficially, male looks like Indothemis limbata, but lacks dark wing tips. Female is brownish yellow with dark markings on the thorax. Females are often found inlands, tree tops and therefore rarely seen.
Scientific Name: Trithemis aurora
Common Name: Crimson Dropwing
Trithemis aurora is a small but beautiful dragonfly commonly found in ponds, streams, edges of the reservoirs, and weedy drains. They can be found at Singapore Botanic Garden, Dairy Farm Nature Parks, MacRitchie Reservoir, and many other places in Singapore.
The eyes, thorax and abdomen are brilliant glowing red, wing veins are red, and base of hind wings are tinted dark red in male, dark brown in female.
Immature male is brownish in color, similar to female, but without any black markings at the side of the abdomen.
This is a sun loving species. Male and female like to bask under hot sun in an obelisk position.
Singapore, although is small, about 710sq. km, harbor at least 124 species of odonata in the South East Asia region. Many Singaporeans have become interested in dragonflies and damselflies over the past few years since the publication of important books such as Dr. A.G.Orr’s pocket guide book of Dragonflies of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore; a guide to the dragonflies of Borneo and our local dragonflies enthusiast Mr. Tang H.B.’s book on Dragonflies of Singapore.
I have been greatly inspired by Mr. Tang’s book and started to venture into the nature reserves in 2011 and collected numerous photos of Singapore Odonata. Mr. Tang has also given me valuable advises on some of the hard to identify species.
Readers who are interested in local Odonata species can click on the below links for more information.
Spine-tufted Skimmer is among the more aggressive and voracious dragonfly that is quite common in Singapore. Dragonflies like Orthetrum sabina and Rhodothemis rufa are equally aggressive. Unlike others, I think these spine-tufted skimmers have a preference for the taste of bees.